Turkey – an amazing world at the crossroads of civilizations
Turkey (the official name – the Republic of Turkey) has long been famous for its natural diversity and unique culture. In this truly unique country, Western and Eastern culture are closely intertwined with each other, and the elements of seemingly incompatible nations, religions, flora and fauna have merged here into one whole under the sign of Turkish flavor.
The Republic is one of the youngest countries in the world. It was formed after the fall of the Ottoman Empire in 1923, when the monarchy was defeated, and the territories of the Turkish ethnic group became an independent national state. On October 29, Mustafa Kemal (later Ataturk) proclaimed the Republic of Turkey and became its first president.
Today, Turkey is a democratic country with a developed economy and tourism, real estate in Turkey is very popular around the world. The current president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, since 2014.
Almost over 100 years of its existence, Turkey has become one of the centers of world tourism, which is facilitated by the mild Mediterranean climate of the southern and western coasts, the rich history of the territory with many monuments preserved to this day and modern architecture. Affordable luxury property in Turkey is the best way to enjoy the beauty and comfort of this unique place in every sense.
- the capital is Ankara;
- geographical coordinates – 39 ° 55 ′ north latitude, 32 ° 50 ′ east longitude;
- area – 783 562 km² (the 36th country in the world);
- coastline length – 7 168 km;
- population – 75,762,621 people;
- time zone is GMT +2;
- borders: land – Bulgaria, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Greece; sea - Ukraine, Russian Federation, Cyprus, Greece;
- government regime – parliamentary republic;
- the political regime is democratic;
- the state language is Turkish;
- Common languages - Russian, English, French, German;
- currency is Turkish Lira;
- major cities: Istanbul, Antalya, Izmir, Adana, Bursa, Konya;
- GDP per capita (2018) – $ 14933.27.
– The territory of Turkey from 3 sides is surrounded by water and is washed by 4 seas: the Black, Mediterranean, Marble and Aegean. At the same time, most of the country is geographically located in Asia and only a small part – in Europe;
– the events of the great Trojan war developed in the west of modern Turkey, where today there is the equally famous Trojan horse;
– Since 1921, Mount Ararat – the last refuge of the biblical Noah’s Ark, is located in the territory belonging to the Turkish Republic;
– 2 of the seven wonders of the world (the mausoleum in Gelikarnas and the Temple of Artemis of Ephesus) are in Turkey;
– The largest city in Turkey, Istanbul – the only city in the world, located simultaneously on 2 continents (Europe and Asia). In addition, this is a city with a truly rich history, which over the past 2 thousand years in different historical epochs has been the capital of three (!) Empires: Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman;
– South-western territories of Turkey Mark Antony gave Cleopatra as a wedding gift;
– Turkey – has become the only secular of 53 Islamic countries. In it, religion and the state are separated from each other: the government does not interfere in religious issues and the norms of the Koran do not have a generally binding force for the population;
– The most famous Turkish sights are: the cave settlements of Cappadocia, the Aspendos amphitheater (capacity – 15 thousand people), the territory and remnants of the ancient Greek city of Ephesus, the tomb on Mount Nemrut, etc .;
– in the climate and nature of Turkey combines European, Asian and even African elements. In eastern and central Anatolia, the continental climate prevails, and in the west and south of the country – the Mediterranean (for example, an apartment in Alanya allows you to plunge into summer at any time of the year). Exotic flamingos and sea turtles, laurel and orange trees, as well as tulips can be seen throughout the country. By the way, Turkey is the birthplace of tulips, from which they came to Europe (and Holland, among others).